Dampak Karakteristik Sosiodemografi dan Tingkat Kepatuhan Terapi Antihipertensi Terhadap HRQoL Pasien Gagal Jantung Kongestif

Maryorie Rosa, Armenia Armenia, Dedy Almasdy


Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) merupakan persepsi pasien terhadap efek terapi dan keparahan penyakitnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat dampak karakteristik sosiodemografi dan tingkat kepatuhan terapi antihipertensi terhadap HRQoL pasien gagal jantung kongestif (GJK) di RSUP DR. M. Djamil Padang. Data sosiodemografi, tingkat kepatuhan, dan HRQoL 111 pasien GJK yang berpartisipasi dalam penelitian ini dikumpulkan dengan wawancara terpimpin dan dari rekam medis pasien. Metoda T-Test dan Anova satu arah digunakan untuk menganalisa dampak karakteristis sosiodemografi dan tingkat kepatuhan terhadap HRQoL pasien GJK dengan tingkat kepercayaan 95%. Pasien dengan tingkat pendidikan yang lebih tinggi memiliki nilai HRQoL yang lebih baik dibandingkan dengan pasien berpendidikan lebih rendah (P<0,05). Pasien yang berprofesi sebagai pegawai negeri memiliki nilai HRQoL paling baik dibandingkan dengan profesi lainnya (P<0,05). Pasien dengan tingkat kepatuhan kurang baik memiliki nilai HRQoL yang lebih buruk pula (P<0,05). Sedangkan jenis kelamin dan usia tidak berpengaruh terhadap HRQoL pasien (P>0,1).

Kata Kunci

HRQoL; kepatuhan; karakteristik sosiodemografi; gagal jantung kongestif.

Teks Lengkap:



Cowie, M. R., Wood, D. A., Coats, A. J., Thompson, S. G., Suresh, V., Poole-Wilson, P. A., & Sutton, G. C. (2000). Survival of patients with a new diagnosis of heart failure: a population based study. Heart. 83, 505-510.

Barnes, S., Cowie, M. R., Mant, J., Roberts, J., Shaikh, H., & Williams, S. (2003). Chronic Heart Failure: National Clinical Guideline for Diagnosis and Management in Primary and Secondary Care. London: Royal College of Physicians.

Polikandrioti, M., Christou, A., Morou Z., Kotronoulas, G., Evagelou, H., & Kyritsi, H. (2010). Evaluation of depression in patients with heart failure. Health Science Journal, 4(1), 37-47.

Green, C. P., Porter, C. B., Bresnahan, D. R., & Spertus, J. A. (2000). Development and evaluation of the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire: a new health status measure for heart failure. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 35(5), 1245-1255.

Polikandrioti, M. (2008). Health failure and health related quality of life. Health Science Journal, 2(3), 119-120.

Nilsson, E., & Kristenson, M. (2010). Psycological factor related to physical, social, and mental dimensions of SF-36; a population-based study of middle-aged women and men. Patient Related Outcome Measures, 1, 153-162.

Morisky, D. E., Ang, A., Krousel-Wood, M., & Ward, H. J. (2008). Predictive validity of a medication adherence measure in an outpatient setting. Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 10(5), 348-354.

Bennett, S. J., Oldridge, N. B., Eckert, G. J., Embree, J. L., Browning, S., Hou, N., ... & Murray, M. D. (2002). Discriminant properties of commonly used quality of life measures in heart failure. Quality of Life Research, 11(4), 349-359.

Garin, O., Ferrer, M., Pont, À., Rué, M., Kotzeva, A., Wiklund, I., ... & Alonso, J. (2009). Disease-specific health-related quality of life questionnaires for heart failure: a systematic review with meta-analyses. Quality of Life Research, 18(1), 71-85.

Riegel, B., Moser, Dk., Glaser, D., Carlson, B., Deaton, C., & Armola, R. (2002). The Minnesota Living with heart failure quesstionaire. Nursing Research, 51(4), 209-218.

Gott, M., Barnes, S., Parker C., Payne, S., Seamark, D., Garyballa, S., & Smaal, N. (2006). Predictors of the quality of life of older people with heart failure recruited from primary care. Age and Ageing, 35, 172-177.

Hou, N., Chui, M. A., Eckert, G. J., Oldridge, N. B., Murray, M. D., & Bennett, S. J. (2004). Relationship of age and sex to health-related quality of life in patients with heart failure. American Journal of Critical Care, 13(2), 153-161.

Masoudi, F. A., Rumsfeld, J. S., Havranek, E. P., House, J. A., Peterson, E. D., Krumholz, H. M., & Spertus, J. A. (2004). Age, functional capacity, and health-related quality of life in patients with heart failure. American Journal of Cardiology, 10(5), 368-373.

Heo, S., Doering, L. V., Widener, J., & Moser, D. K. (2008). Predictors and effect of physical symptom status on health-related quality of life in patients with heart failure. American Journal of Critical Care, 17(2), 124-132.

Hoekstra, T., Jaarsma, T., van Veldhuisen, D. J., Hillege, H. L., Sanderman, H. L., & Lesman-Leegte, I. (2013). Quality of life and survival in patients with heart failure. European Journal of Heart Failure, 15, 94-102.

Benyamini, Y., Leventhal, E. A., & Leventhal, H. (2000). Gender differences in processing information for making self-assessments of health. Psychosomatic Medicine, 62(3), 354-364.

Jaarsma, T., Johansson, P., Ågren, S., & Strömberg, S. (2010). Quality of life and symptoms of depression in advanced heartfailure patients and their partners. Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care, 4(4), 233-237.

Lee, D. T., Yu, D. S., Woo, J., & Thompson, D. R. (2005). Health‐related quality of life in patients with congestive heart failure. European Journal of Heart Failure, 7(3), 419-422.

Sawafta, F. J. S., & Chen, X. (2013). Quality of Life of Chinese Heart Failure Patients and Their Family Caregivers. International Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 3(2), 77-88.

Strömberg, A. (2005). The crucial role of patient education in heart failure. European Journal of Heart Failure, 7(3), 363-369.

Pelegrino, V. M., Dantas, R. A. S., & Clark, A. M. (2011). Health-related quality of life determinants in outpatients with heart failure. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem, 19(3), 451-457.

Barbareschi, G., Sanderman, R., Leegete, I. L., Van Veldhuisen, D. J., & Jaarsma, T. (2011). Educational Level and the Quality of Life of Heart Failure Patients: A Longitudinal Study. Journal of Cardiac Failure, 17(1), 47-53.

Rangel, E. S. S., Belasco, A. G. S., & Diccini, S. (2013). Quality of life of patients with stroke rehabilitation. Acta Paulista de Enfermagem, 26(2), 205-212.

Jin, J., Sklar, G. E., Min Sen Oh, V., & Chuen Li, S. (2008). Factor affecting therapeutic complience: a review from other patient’s prespective. Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management, 13(1), 269-286.

Jiang, Y., & Hesser, J. E. (2006). Associations between health-related quality of life and demographics and health risks. Results from Rhode Island's 2002 behavioral risk factor survey. Health and quality of life Outcomes, 4(1), 14.

Emad, A., Shdaifat, M. R., & Manaf, A. (2012). Quality of Life of Caregivers and Patients Undergoing Haemodialysis at Ministry of Health, Jordan. International Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 2(3).

Paul, S. L., Sturm, J. W., Dewey, H. M., Donnan, G. A., Macdonell, R. A., & Thrift, A. G. (2005). Long-term outcome in the north east Melbourne stroke incidence study predictors of quality of life at 5 years after stroke. Stroke, 36(10), 2082-2086.

Holt, E. W., Muntner, P., Joyce, C. J., Webber, L., & Krousel-Wood, M. A. (2010). Health-related quality of life and antihypertensive medication adherence among older adults. Age and Ageing, 39(4), 481-487.

Marti, C. N., Georgiopoulou, V. V., Giamouzis, G., Cole, R. T., Deka, A., Tang, W. W., ... & Butler, J. (2013). Patient‐Reported Selective Adherence to Heart Failure Self‐Care Recommendations: A Prospective Cohort Study: The Atlanta Cardiomyopathy Consortium. Congestive Heart Failure, 19(1), 16-24.

Roudsari, R., Golchin, M. D., Yekta, Z. P., & Haghani, H. (2013). Relationship between Adherence to therapeutic regimen and healt related quality of life in hypertensive patients. Iran Journal of Nursing, 26(85), 44-54.

Zyoud, S. H., Al-Jabi, S. W., Sweileh, W. M., Wildali, A. H., Saleem, HM., & Aysa, HA. (2013). Health-related quality of life associated with treatment adherence in patients with hypertension: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Cardiology, 168(3), 2981-2983.

Sung, J. C., Nichol, M. B., Venturini, F., Bailey, K. L., McCombs, J. S., & Cody, M. (1998). Factors affecting patient compliance with antihyperlipidemic medications in an HMO population. The American Journal of Managed Care, 4(10), 1421-1430.

Dosse, C., Cesarino, C. B., Martin, J. F. V., & Castedo, M. C. A. (2009). Factors associated to patients' noncompliance with hypertension treatment. Revista latino-americana de enfermagem, 17(2), 201-206.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29208/jsfk.2015.2.1.50

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1463 times
PDF view/download : 755 times

Jurnal Sains Farmasi & Klinis (J Sains Farm Klin) | p-ISSN: 2407-7062 | e-ISSN: 2442-5435

Diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Andalas bekerjasama dengan Ikatan Apoteker Indonesia - Daerah Sumatera Barat 


 JSFK is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.