Persepsi Dokter tentang Strategi Antimicrobial Stewardship Program di Sebuah Rumah Sakit Umum di Surabaya

Dian Kusuma Wardhani, Yosi Irawati Wibowo, Eko Setiawan

Abstrak


Antimicrobial Stewardship Program (ASP) dikembangkan untuk mengoptimalkan penggunaan antibiotik melalui implementasi kebijakan, strategi maupun pedoman. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji persepsi dokter terhadap ASP dan mengeksplorasi pilihan beserta pertimbangan pemilihan suatu jenis strategi ASP. Pendekatan kualitatif melalui wawancara dengan dokter yang aktif bekerja di sebuah rumah sakit umum di kota Surabaya dilakukan dengan bantuan panduan wawancara semi terstruktrur untuk mengeksplorasi: i) sikap terhadap implementasi ASP, dan ii) strategi ASP yang disarankan. Hasil wawancara diolah secara thematic analysis. Sebanyak 27 dokter bersedia terlibat. Secara umum, partisipan memiliki sikap yang baik terhadap implementasi ASP. Terdapat tiga tema terkait implementasi ASP, yaitu: 1) persetujuan implementasi sebagai konsekuensi dari bagian komunitas profesi di rumah sakit (RS); 2) relevansi implementasi bagi perbaikan kualitas RS, dan 3) tuntutan pemenuhan sumber daya sebelum diimplementasikan. Pembuatan pedoman terapi atau clinical pathway merupakan strategi yang paling banyak dipilih oleh partisipan. Pertimbangan dalam memilih suatu strategi adalah: 1) kesepakatan oleh komunitas RS; 2) practicability dan feasibility; dan 3) penggunaan bukti penelitian sebagai dasar penyusunan strategi. Penelitian ini memberikan gambaran mengenai persepsi dokter terkait dengan implementasi ASP. Diharapkan hasil penelitian ini dapat dijadikan sebagai salah satu acuan dalam merancang strategi ASP yang tepat dalam konteks RS di Indonesia.


Kata Kunci


persepsi dokter; resistensi antibiotik; program pengendalian resistensi antibiotik; Surabaya

Teks Lengkap:

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Referensi


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.25077/jsfk.7.1.5-14.2020

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