Tingkat Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Praktik Apoteker Puskesmas di Provinsi Jambi terhadap COVID-19

Yelly Oktavia Sari, Gustia Indah Prabandasari, Almahdy Almahdy

Abstrak


ABSTRAK

Di Indonesia, pandemi COVID-19 telah menyebar ke seluruh provinsi, termasuk provinsi Jambi. Untuk menangani pandemi COVID-19, pemerintah Indonesia membentuk Gugus Tugas Percepatan Penanganan COVID-19, termasuk Puskesmas. Apoteker merupakan salah satu tenaga kesehatan puskesmas yang perlu memiliki pengetahuan, sikap dan praktik yang baik terkait COVID-19. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan gambaran tingkat pengetahuan, sikap dan praktik apoteker puskesmas di provinsi Jambi terhadap COVID-19 dan mengkaji hubungan ketiga variabel tersebut. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan desain cross sectional. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan kuesioner yang telah divalidasi (Cronbach’s alpha pengetahuan 0,862; sikap 0,750, dan praktik 0,804) dan disebarkan melalui -WhatsApp grup Pengurus Cabang IAI Kota/Kabupaten Provinsi Jambi. Data dianalisa menggunakan aplikasi SPSS 20.0 dan Uji Korelasi Spearman untuk melihat hubungan antar variabel. Sebanyak 57 apoteker puskesmas menjadi responden. Hasilnya, 40,4% apoteker memiliki tingkat pengetahuan yang tinggi, 63,2% memiliki sikap positif dan 54,4% menjalankan praktik yang baik terhadap COVID-19. Berdasarkan hasil uji korelasi Spearman, terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara sikap dan praktik (p value 0,002) dan tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pengetahuan dan sikap dan pengetahuan dengan praktik. Kesimpulannya, tingkat pengetahuan apoteker puskesmas di provinsi Jambi kurang baik, namun memiliki sikap dan praktik yang baik. Praktik apoteker puskesmas terhadap COVID-19 dipengaruhi oleh sikap.

Kata kunci:  Pengetahuan; Sikap; Praktik; COVID-19; Apoteker Puskesmas

 


Kata Kunci


Pengetahuan; Sikap; Praktik; COVID-19; Apoteker Puskesmas

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Referensi


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.25077/jsfk.9.1.24-33.2022

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