Jamur Endofit Arthrinium sp., Sumber Potensial Senyawa Obat Review

Andita Eltivitasari, Subagus Wahyuono, Puji Astuti

Abstrak


Keberadaan jamur endofit di alam sangat melimpah dan mudah ditemukan pada jaringan tanaman antara lain pada akar, batang, daun, bunga atau biji. Endofit berkoloni di area antar dan intra-sel dari jaringan tanaman tanpa efek merugikan pada tanaman tersebut. Jamur endofit mempunyai kemampuan memproduksi senyawa bioaktif yang dapat sama atau berbeda dari tumbuhan inangnya dan mempunyai efek farmakologis.  Arthrinium sp. merupakan contoh jenis jamur endofit yang keberadaannya melimpah. Arthrinium sp. diketahui mempunyai kandungan metabolit sekunder yang potensial untuk dikembangkan. Senyawa golongan terpenoid, alkaloid, fenolik dan beberapa golongan lain ditemukan dalam jamur endofit Arthrinium sp. Senyawa yang dihasilkan oleh Arthrinium sp. dilaporkan menunjukkan aktivitas biologis yang beragam yaitu sebagai antimikroba, antioksidan, antikanker dan aktivitas yang lainnya. Tulisan ini merangkum pengetahuan, studi dan laporan mengenai jamur endofit Arthrinium sp., kajian aktivitas biologi serta metabolit sekunder yang dihasilkan yang berpotensi dikembangkan sebagai penemuan obat baru yang berasal dari alam.


Kata Kunci


jamur endofit ; Arthrinium sp. ; aktivitas biologis ; metabolit sekunder.

Teks Lengkap:

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Referensi


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.25077/jsfk.8.3.228-241.2021

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