Dampak Karakteristik Sosiodemografi dan Tingkat Kepatuhan Terapi Antihipertensi Terhadap HRQoL Pasien Gagal Jantung Kongestif

Maryorie Rosa, Armenia Armenia, Dedy Almasdy

Abstrak


Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) merupakan persepsi pasien terhadap efek terapi dan keparahan penyakitnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat dampak karakteristik sosiodemografi dan tingkat kepatuhan terapi antihipertensi terhadap HRQoL pasien gagal jantung kongestif (GJK) di RSUP DR. M. Djamil Padang. Data sosiodemografi, tingkat kepatuhan, dan HRQoL 111 pasien GJK yang berpartisipasi dalam penelitian ini dikumpulkan dengan wawancara terpimpin dan dari rekam medis pasien. Metoda T-Test dan Anova satu arah digunakan untuk menganalisa dampak karakteristis sosiodemografi dan tingkat kepatuhan terhadap HRQoL pasien GJK dengan tingkat kepercayaan 95%. Pasien dengan tingkat pendidikan yang lebih tinggi memiliki nilai HRQoL yang lebih baik dibandingkan dengan pasien berpendidikan lebih rendah (P<0,05). Pasien yang berprofesi sebagai pegawai negeri memiliki nilai HRQoL paling baik dibandingkan dengan profesi lainnya (P<0,05). Pasien dengan tingkat kepatuhan kurang baik memiliki nilai HRQoL yang lebih buruk pula (P<0,05). Sedangkan jenis kelamin dan usia tidak berpengaruh terhadap HRQoL pasien (P>0,1).

Kata Kunci


HRQoL; kepatuhan; karakteristik sosiodemografi; gagal jantung kongestif.

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Referensi


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.25077/jsfk.2.1.40-46.2015

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